MA Biology Standard 2: Cell Biology
2.1: Cell organelles and transport
Relate cell parts/organelles (plasma membrane, nuclear envelope, nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm,mitochondrion, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome, ribosome, vacuole, cell wall, chloroplast, cytoskeleton, centriole, cilium, flagellum, pseudopod) to their functions.
Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, active transport).
- active transport
- cell wall
- endoplasmic reticulum
- facilitated diffusion
- golgi apparatus
- nuclear envelope
- plasma membrane
- phospholipid bilayer
2.2: Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
MA Standard: Compare and contrast, at the cellular level, the general structures and degrees of complexity of prokaryotes and eukaryotes Keywords:
2.3: Six Kingdoms based on cellular evidence
MA Standard: Use cellular evidence (e.g., cell structure, cell number, cell reproduction) and modes of nutrition to describe the six kingdoms (Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia).
2.4 & 2.5 : Photosynthesis , Cell Respiration and ATP
Identify the reactants, products, and basic purposes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cells of photosynthetic organisms.
Explain the important role that ATP serves in metabolism.
- aerobic respiration
- anaerobic respiration
- electron transport chain
- cell respiration
2.6 & 2.7: Cell Cycle, Mitosis and Meiosis
Describe the cell cycle and the process of mitosis. Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells, and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction.
Describe how the process of meiosis results in the formation of haploid cells.
Explain the importance of this process in sexual reproduction, and how gametes form diploid zygotes in the process of fertilization.
- cell cycle
- crossing over
- egg cells
- homologous chromosomes
- polar bodies
- spindle fibers
MA Standard: Compare and contrast a virus and a cell in terms of genetic material and reproduction.
Lecture Notes, Videos & Powerpoints