Cell Biology

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MA Biology Standard 2:  Cell Biology

2.1:  Cell organelles and transport

  • Relate cell parts/organelles (plasma membrane, nuclear envelope, nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm,mitochondrion, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome, ribosome, vacuole, cell wall, chloroplast, cytoskeleton, centriole, cilium, flagellum, pseudopod) to their functions.
  • Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, active transport).

KEYWORDS:

  • active transport
  • centriole
  • chloroplast
  • cilium
  • cell wall
  • cytoplasm
  • cytoskeleton
  • diffusion
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • facilitated diffusion
  • flagellum
  • golgi apparatus
  • lysosome
  • mitochondria
  • nuclear envelope
  • nucleolus
  • nucleus
  • osomosis
  • plasma membrane
  • ribosome
  • vacuole
  • phospholipid bilayer
  • semi-permeable

2.2:  Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

MA Standard:  Compare and contrast, at the cellular level, the general structures and degrees of complexity of prokaryotes and eukaryotes Keywords:

  • Prokaryotes
  • Eukaryotes

2.3:  Six Kingdoms based on cellular evidence

MA Standard: Use cellular evidence (e.g., cell structure, cell number, cell reproduction) and modes of nutrition to describe the six kingdoms (Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia).

Keywords:

  • Archaebacteria
  • Eubacteria
  • Protista
  • Fungi
  • Plantae
  • Animalia

2.4 & 2.5 :  Photosynthesis , Cell Respiration and ATP

MA Standards:

  • Identify the reactants, products, and basic purposes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
  • Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cells of photosynthetic organisms.
  • Explain the important role that ATP serves in metabolism.

Keywords:

  • aerobic respiration
  • anaerobic respiration
  • ATP
  • ADP
  • electron transport chain
  • glycolysis
  • metabolism
  • NADPH
  • photosynthesis
  • cell respiration

 2.6 & 2.7: Cell Cycle, Mitosis and Meiosis

Ma Standards:

  • Describe the cell cycle and the process of mitosis. Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells, and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction.
  • Describe how the process of meiosis results in the formation of haploid cells.
  • Explain the importance of this process in sexual reproduction, and how gametes form diploid zygotes in the process of fertilization.

Keywords:

    • anaphase
    • cell cycle
    • centrioles
    • chromosomes
    • chromatin
    • crossing over
    • cytokinesis
    • diploid
    • egg cells
    • fusion
    • gamete
    • haploid
    • homologous chromosomes
    • interphase
    • meiosis
    • metaphase
    • mitosis
    • polar bodies
    • prophase
    • sperm
    • spindle fibers
    • synapsis
    • telophase
    • tetrad
    • zygote

 2.8: Viruses

MA Standard:  Compare and contrast a virus and a cell in terms of genetic material and reproduction.

  • Virus
  • Capsid

frogsitnb70Lecture Notes, Videos & Powerpoints

 

CELL ORGANELLES

CELL TRANSPORT

PHOTOSYNTHESIS/CELL RESPIRATION

CELL REPRODUCTION

 

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