Chemistry of Life

 frog gas nbMA Standard 1:  Chemistry of Life

1. The Chemistry of Life Central Concept: Chemical elements form organic molecules that interact to perform the basic functions of life.
1.1 Recognize that biological organisms are composed primarily of very few elements.  The six most common are C, H, N, O, P, and S. 1.2 Describe the basic molecular structures and primary functions of the four major categories of organic molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids). 1.3 Explain the role of enzymes as catalysts that lower the activation energy of biochemical reactions. Identify factors, such as pH and temperature, that have an effect on enzymes.

frog-icon1KEYWORDS:
Chapter 2:

  • acid
  • activation energy
  • atom
  • base
  • chemical bonds
  • compound
  • covalent bond
  • electron
  • ionic bond
  • ions
  • isotopes
  • nucleus
  • ph
  • reactants

Chapter 3:

  • adhesion
  • amino acids
  • capillarity
  • carbohydrates
  • cohesion
  • condensation reaction
  • disaccharide
  • DNA
  • enzyme
  • fatty acids
  • hydrolysis
  • lipids
  • monomers
  • monosaccharide
  • nucleotide
  • nucleic acid
  • polymer
  • polysaccharide
  • polypeptides
  • proteins
  • RNA
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