Genetics

 

 royalty-free-doctor-springer-frog-clipart-illustration-1080779tnMA Biology Standard 3:  Genetics

  • 3.1 Describe the basic structure of DNA, and describe its function in genetic inheritance.
  • 3.2 Describe the basic process of DNA replication and how it relates to the transmission and conservation of the genetic code. Explain the basic processes of transcription and translation, and how they result in the expression of genes. Distinguish among the end products of replication, transcription and translation.
  •  3.3 Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may or may not result in phenotypic change in an organism. Explain how mutation in gametes may result in phenotypic changes in offspring.
  • 3.4 Distinguish among observed inheritance patterns caused by several types of genetic traits (dominant, recessive, incomplete dominance, codominant, sex-linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles).
  • 3.5 Describe how Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment can be observed through patterns of inheritance (such as dihybrid crosses).
  • 3.6 Use a Punnett Square to determine the probabilities for genotype and phenotype combinations in monohybrid crosses.

     

royalty-free-doctor-springer-frog-clipart-illustration-1080779tnKEYWORDS

Mendelian Genetics:

CHAPTER 9-1 KEYWORDS

  • allele
  • cross pollination
  • dominant
  • fertilization
  • gene
  • genetics
  • Law of independent assortment
  • Law of segregation
  • Pollination
  • pure
  • recessive
  • self- pollination
  • trait

CHAPTER 9-2 KEYWORDS

  • codominance
  • dihybrid cross
  • genotype
  • heterozygous
  • homozygous
  • hybrid
  • incomplete dominance
  • monohybrid cross
  • multiple alleles
  • phenotype
  • probability
  • Punnett square
  • test cross
  • true-breeding

DNA/RNA/Protein Synthesis

  • nucleotide
  • deoxyribose
  • nitrogenous base
  • purines
  • pyrimidines
  • base pairing rules
  • complementary base pairs
  • base sequence
  • helicases
  • replication fork
  • DNA polymerases
  • semi-conservative replication
  • DNA replication
  • mutation
  • ribonucleic acid (RNA)
  • transcription
  • translation
  • protein synthesis
  • ribose
  • messenger RNA
  • ribosomal RNA
  • transfer RNA
  • RNA polymerase
  • promoter
  • termination signal
  • genetic code
  • codon
  • anticodon
  • genome.

 

royalty-free-doctor-springer-frog-clipart-illustration-1080779tnLecture Notes


Mendelian Genetics

DNA/Protein Synthesis

Human Inheritance

royalty-free-doctor-springer-frog-clipart-illustration-1080779tnWorksheets

Mendelian Genetics

DNA/Protein Synthesis

royalty-free-doctor-springer-frog-clipart-illustration-1080779tnLab & Activities


DNA ACTIVITIES:

 

royalty-free-doctor-springer-frog-clipart-illustration-1080779tnArticles: